Jewish people and their customs in USSR 1918 - 1990 on pictures below.

USSR - reading of torah in Moscow synagogue 1956 photo by Jacob Berliner
USSR - reading of torah in Moscow synagogue 1956

Pogrom is a Russian word designating an attack,
accompanied by destruction, looting of property, murder, and
rape, perpetrated by one section of the population against another.
The Jews of Russia were the victims of three large-scale
waves of pogroms, each of which surpassed the preceding in
scope and savagery. These occurred between the years 1881
and 1884, 1903 and 1906, and 1917 and 1921. There were outbreaks
in Poland after it regained independence in 1918, and
in Romania from 1921.
The first pogrom occurred in the town of
Yelizavetgrad (Kirovograd), in Ukraine, at the end of April
1881. From there, the pogrom wave spread to the surrounding
It is difficult to assess the scope of the pogroms during
the civil war years and the number of victims they claimed.
Partial data are available for 530 communities in which 887
major pogroms and 349 minor pogroms occurred; there were
60,000 dead and several times that number of wounded (according
to S. Dubnow).

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