Jewish people and their customs on the pictures below. Russia 1800 - 1900
Jews, Russia 1860s
Jewish Man 1890s Russia figure by Gardner Factory (in Verbilki north of Moscow)
All the above are classic examples of the Jewish People life in Russia 19th century.
The official statistics of that time (about the year 1860) brought out the fact that the number of
Jews in the fifteen governments of the Pale of Settlement, exclusive of the Kingdom of Poland, but Inclusive of the Baltic region, amounted to 1,430,800, forming 8% of the total population of that territory. The number of artisans in the "Jewish" governments was far greater than in the Russian interior. Thus in the government of Kiev there were to be found 2.06 artisans to every thousand inhabitants, against 0.8 in the near-by government of Kursk, i.e., 2% times more. In reality, the number of Jews in the Western region, without the Kingdom of Poland, exceeded considerably 1 and one-half millions, there being no regular registration at that time.
[HISTORY OF THE JEWS IN RUSSIA AND POLAND
FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES UNTIL THE PRESENT DAY T2 by S. M. DUBNOW
TRANSLATED FROM THE RUSSIAN BY I. FRIEDLAENDER
Philadelphia The Jewish Publication Society of America 1916]
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