Jewish agricultural settlement in
Argentina began in 1888 under the auspices of the Alliance
Israélite Universelle. Of the 136 families who arrived on the
ss Weser in 1889, about 40 acquired land from a landowner,
Pedro Palacios, and set up the Moisesville colony. The settlers
suffered from hunger and disease during the first months of
their settlement, due to lack of equipment and financial means.
Wilhelm Loewenthal, a Jewish physician and naturalist, was
invited by the Argentine government to carry out a mission
of inquiry in the latter half of 1889.
In 1991, various celebrations marked the first centennial of the arrival of Jewish immigrants to Colonia Mauricio (Carlos Casares).The cultivation of sunflowers was introduced to Argentina by the Jews of the Mauricio colony. [ENCYCLOPAEDIA JUDAICA, Second Edition, Volume 2]